Chalk is a soft, porous, sedimentary carbonate rock. It is a form of limestone composed of the mineral calcite and originally formed deep under the sea by the compression of microscopic plankton that had settled to the sea floor.

Drawing Materials, image reference from Lala Ragimove Art Blog

Chalk is common throughout Western Europe, where deposits underlie parts of France, and steep cliffs are often seen where they meet the sea in places such as the Dover cliffs on the Kent coast of the English Channel.


Raw Sanguine

Sanguine, sometimes called "red chalk," is a reddish-brown color, specifically in drawing.

Sanguine is also a family of pigments created naturally by the earth. It usually appears in red earth shades or tones such as orange, tan, brown, and beige.

Sanguine is a chalk with earthy shades ranging from red ocher to intense red. It comes in pencils, lead, lithographic or dry chalk, and sticks. It is also sold as wood-cased pencils or manufactured sticks.

Sanguine is used with the same techniques to apply charcoal or pastel. However, it is better to start with dry sanguine because it is easier to stump and erase.

Sanguine has been used to sketch for centuries because it is ideal for creating volume, rendering, modeling, or representing human flesh.

The name sanguine was derived from the Italian word "sanguigna" in French, which means "blood" because it resembles the color of dried blood.

Compressed Sanguine

Compressed sanguine is powdered sanguine pigment mixed with a gum binder; the hardness is determined by the amount of binder used. It is compressed into round or square sticks.

Preferred Brands

  • Pro Art

Sanguine Pencils

Sanguine pencils have compressed sanguine mixed with a binder. Sandpaper is preferred to sharpen these pencils, as they will break off in a manual or electric rotary sharpener, so using a razor blade or an e-xacto knife with sandpaper is recommended.

Sanguine Powder

Powdered sanguine is often used to "tone" or cover large sections of a drawing surface. Drawing over the toned areas darkens them, but the artist can also lighten (or completely erase) the toned area to create lighter tones.

Preferred Brands

  • Createacolor

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